10 Things to Know About the World’s Longest Communist Revolution, written by Mong Palatino.
"1. The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) was reestablished on December 26, 1968 in Alaminos, Pangasinan. Its armed wing, the New People’s Army (NPA), was formed on March 29, 1969 in Capas, Tarlac. The revolutionary alliance, National Democratic Front (NDF), was founded on April 24, 1973. The CPP-NPA-NDF view armed revolution as the effective and ultimate solution to replace the existing system which they believe is already beyond redemption.…
2. The Maoist military strategy of encircling the cities from the countryside was adopted by the CPP which was unprecedented because no archipelagic nation has ever done this. The NPA preserved its strength and thrived even under the harsh conditions during Martial Law. It waged a nationwide guerrilla war without the geographical advantage of Vietnam whose neighboring states were either communist or anti-American.
3. In the 1980s, most of the communist parties in Southeast Asia have been already defeated or disbanded but the CPP achieved remarkable military strength and political influence during this period. The Armed Forces of the Philippines has even claimed that the NPA reached its peak in 1986 when the number of its fighters was estimated to be about 25,000 across the country. The NPA has denied that it reached this size although a few years ago it made a declaration that it already surpassed its armed strength in the 1980s in terms of number of fighters with high powered rifles.
4. The reestablishment of the CPP was a legacy of the rectification movement initiated by young activists who summed up the bitter experience of the old Communist Party (Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas, 1930) which suffered significant political losses in the 1950s. Three decades later, the CPP would launch another rectification campaign to reaffirm its founding principles.
When the Soviet bloc disintegrated, the CPP was among the few communist parties in the world which continued to defend Marxism. It argued that revisionism, not socialism, was discredited when Soviet Russia collapsed in the 1990s.
The CPP became the first Philippine political party to admit that it committed serious political errors in the 1980s. According to the CPP, these grave mistakes led to the substantial reduction of its mass base and mass support most especially in the provinces. It also apologized for the excesses and human rights violations perpetrated by some NPA units.
The rectification campaign lasted throughout the 1990s which the CPP credited for the resurgence of the local mass movement. The Philippine government will be the first to dispute this but what is certain is that the CPP has remained a major political force in the country; and after 45 years, it continues to lead the world’s longest Maoist revolution… .
6. The revolutionary political program of the CPP is its major advantage over the dull, elitist and anti-people agenda of mainstream trapo parties. Land reform continues to be its centerpiece program in the countryside, thus the continuing support of poor farmers for the armed revolution. Then and now, its commitment to end inequality and oppression has attracted the support of many sectors and intellectuals.Women’s rights, gender equality, IP empowerment, environment protection, workers rights, socialized housing, free education, free healthcare – and many other advocacies we hear today have been articulated already by the cadres of the CPP-NPA-NDF in the late 1960s and early 1970s.”
Invective, threats mark contentious two-hour meeting.
“If Darren Wilson gets off, you all better bring every army you all have got. ’Cause it’s going down,” said one speaker.
Speakers also threatened to shut down St. Louis Cardinals and Rams games this Sunday, disrupt weekend grocery shopping trips throughout the area and mount massive demonstrations if the Cardinals reach the World Series.
Palestinian people fleeing Israel’s occupation of Gaza were most of the victims in the Malta boat incident last week.
So fucking heartbreaking, Palestinian folks who had already survived the edge of the Israeli terrorism and attempts to wipe them out so Settlers can take over have passed away attempting to migrate to Europe.
"It’s worth remembering that the “leaps” Mao used to talk about the most were not leaps in the quantities of goods being produced but leaps in people’s consciousness and understanding. Mistakes were made and many must have been demoralized when they realized that some of the results of the Leap had been disappointing. But the success of the Chinese economy in years to come shows that not all its lessons were wasted… …
Before addressing the question of the authentication of sources, the context for the discussion of these issues needs to be set. Communism is a movement that generates a massive amount of opposition. Western countries waged an intensive propaganda war against communism. In power, communist governments dispossessed large numbers of people of their capital and land. The whole landlord and business class was robbed of its social power and status across much of Asia and Europe. Unsurprisingly, this generated much bitterness. A large number of well-educated people who were born in these countries had and still have the motivation to discredit communism. It is not “paranoia” to ask that those who write about the communist era take pains to ensure that their sources are reporting fact and are not providing testimony that has been distorted or slanted by anti-communist bias… . .
However, covert attempts by the U.S. to discredit communism are a matter of record. U.S. intelligence agencies often sought a connection with those who published work about communist regimes. It must not be thought that those people they sought this connection with were simply hacks paid to churn out cheap sensationalism. Far from it. For example, The China Quarterly published many articles in the 1960s which are still frequently cited as evidence of living conditions in China and the success or otherwise of government policies in that country. In 1962 it published an article by Joseph Alsop that alleged that Mao was attempting to wipe out a third of his population through starvation to facilitate his economic plans! This article is cited, in all seriousness, to provide contemporary evidence of the “massive death toll” hypothesis in many later works on the subject (for example in the article “Famine in China” that is discussed below)… …
In fact, there is certainly evidence from a number of sources that a famine occurred in this period but the key question is was it a famine that killed 30 million people? This really would have been unprecedented. Although we are used to reading newspaper headlines like “tens of millions face starvation in African famine” it is unheard of for tens of millions to actually die in a famine. For example, the Bangladesh famine of 1974-75 is remembered as a deeply tragic event in that nation’s history. However, the official death toll for the Bangladesh famine was 30,000 (out of a single-year population of 76 million), although unofficial sources put the death toll at 100,000.33 Compare this to an alleged death toll of 30 million out of a single-year population calculated at around 660-670 million for the Great Leap Forward period. Proportionally speaking, the death toll in the Great Leap Forward is meant to be approximately 35 times higher than the higher estimated death toll for the Bangladesh famine! …
The approach of modern writers to the Great Leap Forward is absurdly one-sided. They are unable to grasp the relationship between its failures and successes. They can only grasp that serious problems occurred during the years 1959-1961. They cannot grasp that the work that was done in these years also laid the groundwork for the continuing overall success of Chinese socialism in improving the lives of its people. They fail to seriously consider evidence that indicates that most of the deaths that occurred in the Great Leap Forward were due to natural disasters not policy errors. Besides, the deaths that occurred in the Great Leap Forward have to be set against the Chinese people’s success in preventing many other deaths throughout the Maoist period. Improvements in life expectancy saved the lives of many millions.
We must also consider what would have happened if there had been no Leap and no adoption of the policies of self-reliance once the breach with the Soviet Union occurred. China was too poor to allow its agricultural and industrial development to stagnate simply because the Soviets were refusing to help. This is not an argument that things might not have been done better. Perhaps with better planning, less over-optimism and more care some deaths might have been avoided. This is a difficult question. It is hard to pass judgement what others did in difficult circumstances many years ago.
Of course it is also important that we do learn from the mistakes of the past to avoid them in the future. We should note that Mao to criticized himself for errors made during this period. But this self-criticism should in no way be allowed to give ammunition to those who insist on the truth of ridiculous figures for the numbers that died in this time. Hopefully, there will come a time when a sensible debate about the issues will take place.
If India’s rate of improvement in life expectancy had been as great as China’s after 1949, then millions of deaths could have been prevented. Even Mao’s critics acknowledge this. Perhaps this means that we should accuse Nehru and those who came after him of being “worse than Hitler” for adopting non-Maoist policies that “led to the deaths of millions.” Or perhaps this would be a childish and fatuous way of assessing India’s post-independence history. As foolish as the charges that have been leveled against Mao for the last 25 years, maybe.
— John “Tito” Gerassi (Coming of the New International)
— Hoc Tap "Peace or Violence"
Two women were arrested after they robbed and then intimidated three tenants out of their Brooklyn apartment — and the crime was partly motivated by race and class resentment, law enforcement sources said.
Operation Take Back the Hood’.
No love for Gentrifying crackers…
Join us for a panel on September 17th, one year after the arrests of 6 students (5 of whom are members of RSCC) who were brutally assaulted by NYPD and Public Safety, and arrested while protesting David Petraeus teaching in CUNY. We will discuss militarization in CUNY, how the student struggle must be an anti-imperialist struggle and what we are doing to liberate CUNY and make it into a base area for revolutionary.
Panel will be held at the CUNY Graduate Center.
— Non Violence Protects the State - Peter Gelderloos
Recently there were polemics exchanged between Joe Sims of the CPUSA national staff and the Southern California branch of the Young Communist League, on the matter of patriotism and the national qu…
"US imperialism holds nations captive within its borders as internal colonies (The Afro-American nation, the Chicano nation and the First Nations), as well as there are oppressed communities of national minorities who are here because of imperialism. The recent rebellion in Ferguson testifies to this fact, as the repressive apparatuses of the white supremacist state turned the city into a war zone; Black communities are occupied by the armed agents of the white supremacist, bourgeois state. Just because a Black man occupies the highest position of the imperial polity does not change these historical facts, for in fact Obama is the black representative of white finance capital.
Oppressed nationalities have nothing to celebrate on the 4th of July. Revolution in the US must be a war led by oppressed people to undo the America that Joe Sims is so fond of. The dictatorship of the white supremacist bourgeoisie can only be broken by the offensive of a proletarian movement placing the liberation of oppressed nationalities at the forefront of revolution. More power to all revolutionary youth challenging revisionist and white chauvinist politics!”
Response to Joe Sims’ Open Letter, “Patriotism, the national question and the Leninist tradition” By the Southern California Young Communist League In reading the lengthy response authored by a member…
Revolutionary Communists of the Southern California Young Communist League respond to the -white-chauvinist piece by the CPUSA leadership, which uphold the 4th of July and the American revolution and downplays racism in Amerika.
In a time when Blacks are being killed and mass-incarcerated along wit Latinos, and Latino children are being put into camps, while the casualties on the border are war level numbers to downplay national oppression and the legacy of white-settler-colonialism is national socialism in disguise as communism.
We support the Southern California YCL in standing up to the White-chauvinist peice by the CPUSA leadership which objectively upholds white-settler-colonialism and the national oppression of millions inside (and outside) US borders.
"Unfortunately, history and the nature of white supremacy, show us that an oppressed people integrated, assimilated, will still be oppressed. The guardians of capital and the white supremacist structures and institutions of the U.S. will allow people of color representation, namely the election of Obama and other affluent people of color into positions of power. This does not mean that representation, or a majority alone, will automatically lead to a homogeneous movement for a consensus of social change.
Each of us, as colonized and oppressed people, have several major battles to overcome - one of which is fighting against internalized colonization. We are so thoroughly colonized that fellow oppressed people actually take part in the perpetual domination, oppression and exploitation, whether in government, law enforcement, the criminal justice system or the military industrial complex. But capitalism, and its pitting of people against each other with limited economic and social mobility opportunities, is the engine that drives this contradiction. Colonization is the fuel.”
"Come, then, comrades, the European game has finally ended; we must find something different. We today can do everything, so long as we do not imitate Europe, so long as we are not obsessed by the desire to catch up with Europe… . .
Two centuries ago, a former European colony decided to catch up with Europe. It succeeded so well that the United States of America became a monster, in which the taints, the sickness and the inhumanity of Europe have grown to appalling dimensions.”
- Frantz Fanon; ‘Wretched of the Earth”
Puerto Rican and Palestinian flag at the Eric Garner protest at Staten Island this morning.
Photo via FB friend.
Comrade Denise of Revolutionary Student Coordinating Committee speaking during the #Turnup #Handsup rally at Union Square which took over the streets of Lower Manhattan.
Photo Credit: Faux